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State power investment to answer questions you care about

November 30th, the national development and Reform Commission, the National Energy Board issued 6 supporting documents of the electric power system reform. The concern of the society, the national development and Reform Commission, the National Energy Bureau official answer. Below, we have to look at what we are concerned about?

About electric power market

What do you want to know?
What are the parts of the electricity market?
Electricity market is mainly composed of medium and long-term market and spot market.
In long-term market mainly carried out over several years, year, season, month, week, electric energy transaction and interruptible load, voltage and other ancillary service trading.
The spot market is mainly carried out recently, days, real-time electric energy transaction and standby, FM and other ancillary service. When the conditions are ripe, explore the capacity of the market, electricity futures and derivatives trading.

What is the implementation path of power market construction?

Orderly put development scheme of electricity, the competitive aspects of the price, and constantly expand the direct trading market main body scope and the power size of participation and gradually establish a market of inter provincial electricity trade mechanism.
Selection conditions of the region to carry out pilot projects, completed, including the complete power market in long-term and spot market; sum up experience, improve the mechanism, rich varieties, depending on the circumstances, expand the scope of the pilot; to gradually establish a accord with the situation of the electricity market system.
Non pilot areas in accordance with the opinions on the implementation of the orderly development of electricity plans to carry out market transactions.
Pilot areas can be based on local actual situation, to develop an orderly way to put the development of electricity.
The retail market in accordance with the “opinions on promoting the implementation of the reform of the sale of electricity side” to carry out market transactions.
In the future electricity market, which enterprises or users can become the main market access conditions?

Electricity market main body includes all kinds of power enterprises, power supply enterprises (including the local power grid, wholesale County, high-tech industrial development zones and economic and Technological Development Zone), the sale of electricity companies and power users. All types of market entities shall meet the national energy-saving emission reduction and environmental protection requirements, in line with the industrial policy requirements, and registered in the trading institutions. Participate in inter provincial trade, in any one location of the trading platform to participate in the transaction, can be entrusted to the third party agent.
In terms of access, the basic requirements for power generation enterprises and users are:
Power generation companies involved in the trading market, the project shall comply with the relevant provisions of the state, unit energy consumption and environmental emissions, grid security should meet the national and industry standards. Newly approved generating units in principle to participate in the power market transactions.
Trading market of user participation, should be connected to a voltage above a certain level of voltage, capacity and the larger power consumption of the power users. New industrial users should enter the market transactions in principle.
In line with the user access conditions, choose to enter the market, all of the electricity in the market and no longer by the government pricing power purchase. To meet the access conditions but chose not to directly involved in the transaction or the sale of electricity companies to purchase electricity users, by the local power supply enterprises provide guaranteed service and according to government pricing power purchase. Users choose to enter the market, in a certain period of time can not be withdrawn.
About the market for the sale of electricity

What do you want to know?
Q: after the sale of electricity market liberalization, which are the main market can engage in the sale of electricity business?
On the advance sale of electricity side of the reform of the implementation of opinions “that the and social capital to open the business of selling electricity, many ways to cultivate sale of electricity to the side of the main body of market competition, is conducive to more users have the right to choose, enhance the sale of electricity service quality and user level.
Power grid enterprises within the business area of power supply of all types of users provide electric power universal service, the basic power supply security, undertake the business area of power supply guarantee service;
Power generation enterprises and other social capital can be invested in the establishment of the sale of electricity companies;
Users with distributed power supply, water supply, gas supply, heating and other public service industry, energy service company engaged in market sale of electricity business.
After the sale of electricity side reforms, the sale of electricity to participate in the competition can be divided into three categories:
First, the power grid enterprises in the sale of the company;
Two is the social capital investment incremental distribution network, with distribution network operation power of the sale of the company;
The three is independent of the sale of electricity companies, does not have the right to operate the distribution network, do not assume guarantee power supply service.
The same power supply business district can have multiple sale of electricity companies, but only a company has the distribution network the right to operate, and provide guaranteed service. The same company can sell electricity in a number of power supply business areas.
Q: “opinions” on promoting the reform of the electricity sales side access to the sale of electricity and the main exit requirements put forward what?
In accordance with the principle of decentralization, “on promoting sells the electricity side of the reform of the implementation of views” on the retail side of the market access and exit machine created innovative arrangements. This is a bright spot in a new round of the power system.
Access mechanism
Will to register identified instead of the administrative licensing of access, to reduce administrative costs, to achieve effective supervision, improve work efficiency. Focus is a commitment, a publicity, a registration, two for the record”.
“Promise” is in line with the access conditions of market main body to the provincial government or provincial government authorized departments of the application, submit the relevant information in accordance with the provisions of and make credit commitments.
“Notification” is authorized by the provincial government or provincial government departments through “credit in China and other government designated sites will market main body whether meet the conditions of access to information, relevant information and credit commitments to social publicity. Publicity expired without objection incorporated into the annual list of the market, and the implementation of dynamic management.
“Registered”, is included in the list of market players can be registered in the Trade Organization transaction, allowed to participate in the transaction.
Two for the record, that is, in the energy regulatory agencies and credit management agencies for the record.
Exit mechanism
“The implementation of opinions” clear, market main body violates the relevant laws and regulations of the state, a serious violation of the trading rules and bankruptcy must be forced out of the market, blacklisted, are not allowed to enter the market, and authorized by the provincial government or provincial government departments in the directory delete, institutional trading registration is cancelled. The main body of the market exit before, should all have signed the purchase and sale of electricity contract is fulfilled or transferred, and handle related matters.Source: China electric power electrical network

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